8 Ways Being Single Can Help a Woman's Career

w8 ways being single can help a woman's career Photo by Andy Vu on Pexels.com[/caption]
 

Being single seems like it would be an impediment to advancing in your career. For instance, a significant other can halve your chores and expenses and provide advice and support – clear benefits. For me though, being single helped advance my career. It turns out that my experience is typical for highly educated women professionals. Here are 8 ways being single can help a women’s career (or how being married/coupled can hurt it) and my experience navigating these obstacles.

[Note: in this article I’m going to be talking about heterosexual couples because I’m heterosexual and because there’s more data on these types of couples in the workplace. ]
 

A. Eight Ways Being Single Can Help a Woman’s Career

1. The Paradox of Privilege

In Opting Back In: What Really Happens When Mothers Go Back to Work, the authors say “the paradox of privilege”occurs when high-achieving women, say Harvard Law School graduates, marry high-achieving men, say their Harvard classmates, and then opt out of their careers as a result.

The story goes that both husband and wife start out in prestigious, lucrative careers, but then the woman’s career falters due to any number of factors including raising children, unequal housework burdens, burnout, emotional labor, sexism, desire for flexible work arrangements, etc. And because she married someone who makes a sufficient salary to support the whole family, she has the option to take a break from her job, and she does. She either continues to opt out of the workforce or finds it difficult to re-join it later at the level of work she desires. 

Leaning In

I live in a very well-educated area so my female friends dated or married lawyers, doctors and engineers. Their husbands made more than enough to support the family and so many of the women quit their jobs and have no plans to return. Why have the hassle of a full-time job when you don’t need the money?
 
My job was demanding and stressful. I thought about quitting every two weeks for the last three years. What made me keep going? Well, I would like to say that I was taught to Lean In, but futility was a more likely culprit. I’m single. You can’t be a housewife, without the wife part. And you still need to pay for that house! 

2. Fighting for Childcare

Women still bear the brunt of household and childcare responsibilities so after marriage and kids, they often seek out flexible and part-time positions. These positions are often ultimately unsatisfying as hours creep up while pay, recognition, and the best work assignments remain elusive.
 
Lack of access to childcare affects women’s career decisions. One study finds that better access to childcare would lead 42% of women to look for a higher-paying job.

More Kidfree Work Hours

Women without children, they’re less likely to drop out of the workforce because they don’t have an “excuse.” I remember a single male attorney telling me that he would love to reduce his hours but didn’t see any reason to do so. 

Similarly, when I was thinking of quitting my job, I thought I needed to have a good reason. Having a family at home that I was neglecting? That would have been a good reason. Being single without kids? Well, that’s no reason at all.

Without a family, I felt like I couldn’t justify working fewer hours. So I continued to work at a job that required a lot of hours, and  continued advance in my career.

3. Backburner Careers

In a couple, the man’s job takes precedence even when the women are highly accomplished. In a survey of Harvard Business School graduates, between 50-60% of male graduates were very or “extremely satisfied” with their experiences of meaningful work, professional accomplishments, opportunities for career growth, and compatibility of work and personal life, compared with 40-50% of women grads.  Many of these couples consisted of husband and wife Harvard Business School graduates. The study found:

The vast majority of women anticipated that their careers would rank equally with their partners’. Many of them were disappointed.

Prioritizing One’s Own Career

I went to law school in a small town. Of the married students, the men’s wives followed them there, typically having portable jobs like teacher or nurse. In contrast, the female students’ husbands typically stayed where they were and the couple was long distance for at least 3 years. Women move for their husbands’ careers, but husbands don’t often move for their wives’
 
I tend to date men who are very ambitious and have a lot of job opportunities. They had jobs that would require a fair amount of moving (i.e. students) or jobs that wouldn’t offer the best opportunities in the DC-area (software engineer, where Silicon Valley would beckon, or corporate financial lawyer, where New York has the brightest opportunities). To be fair, my ex-fiance did move to the DC-area for my job, but he was miserable (the breakup didn’t help) and ultimately moved back to New York. 
 
Without a significant other to move for, I could stay put in my own job. There was no other job to prioritize but my own.

4. Financial Teamwork

Financial teamwork sounds like a good thing – and it is, unless it serves as a crutch to keep team members from learning skills needed to operate independently. One study finds that people generally develop expertise on a “need to know” basis. They learn what they think they need to know, when they think they need to know it. Further, that “need to know” is at least partly determined by one’s social relationships.

If you’re married, you have the option of relying on your spouse to take over your finances. Many women take this option. One study found that only 27% of married women manage financial and retirement planning. As a result, only 14% of widows were making financial decisions by themselves when they lost their spouse. Financial illiteracy is a huge problem for women.

So what does this lack of financial knowledge mean for a married woman’s career? Well, if you’re a woman planning out her own financial and retirement goals, you may stay in your job longer in order to reach them. Part of the reason, if not the main reason, people have jobs is to earn money. You get a confidence boost seeing the effects of growing your 401k or brokerage accounts. You see how your salary is contributing to your joint net worth. If women are left out of these calculations, they might not seek to raise their salaries, continue working, and/or negotiate their compensation packages. Also, if they find themselves single, they have a steep educational burden to overcome in a short time.

Financial Leadership

You’re more likely to become a better cook when you have to cook for yourself. You run faster when you’re being chased. And when you’re forced to put in the reps, it’s hard not to get better. But coupling means you might not have to put in your own financial reps.

 
If you’re single, there isn’t anyone obvious to rely on. Thus, single women are more likely to find that they can’t stick their head in the sand about finances.
 
I’ve written a little about how I had hoped to be saved by a student loan Act of God. But eventually I realized no one was coming to save me. I had to take control of my debt, of my finances, and my career. Being single meant that I needed to support myself. There simply wasn’t anyone else to take the reins from me. 
 

5. When More Incomes Mean More problems

Being coupled has certain financial advantages and disadvantages. 

There is still a marriage penalty built into the tax code, even after the 2018 tax law changes. If two people with similar high or low incomes file their taxes jointly, they would have to pay more in taxes than if they were filing individual returns. If the couple were more lopsided in their finances – the traditional husband breadwinner and stay-at-home wife scenario, for instance – there would be a marriage bonus. This further encourages the wife to take a lower-paying job. 

Even if your coupled lifestyle is roughly equivalent to spending to one single person, then you don’t necessarily need two incomes to support it. This provides another paradox of privilege – the option to opt out. And if one person in a couple is going to quit or downgrade their job, it’s typically the woman.

Finally, there are a lot of other costs that can come with being a couple. For instance, when I’m in a couple, I eat much fancier meals. I put some extra effort into how I look on a daily basis. I would have to have nicer furniture, a nicer apartment and I definitely would have to have a TV and a premium sports package.

The Cheap Single Life

A Pew study finds that 23% of people judge men for their financial success while only 8% judge women that way. Being single helped me save money because I didn’t have to impress anyone with my lifestyle. In fact, it encouraged me not to flaunt my wealth to potential suitors. 

There are so many other ways to save from being single. For instance, I can crash on my friend’s couch when I visit a city, instead of splitting a hotel room. I don’t have to visit his family or go to his friend’s weddings. 

y mom, when she was single, would only eat rice and soy sauce. Not falling too far from the tree, left to my own devices, I eat eggs and rice with soy sauce on the regular. This wouldn’t fly with someone else in the picture.

 

This is not to say that these costs would translate to the savings of shared housing. But there’s often a bit of a disconnect between what people expect in their relationships and what could actually happen. I have a very simple lifestyle because I live by myself and I have very simple desires.

 

6. Identity by Association

When individuals affiliate with those of higher status than themselves, they elevate their own status.  And when people affiliate with others in lower status positions than themselves, they may experience status anxiety or the fear of losing status, which can be both economically and personally threatening.

Married women can get prestige and social from their spouse’s job. When you’re married, you are a unit and successes and losses are shared. This is why women’s life satisfaction doesn’t recover even two years after her husband loses his job (although a husband recovers fully after a year if a wife loses her job). High-achieving women often seek prestige, but if they can get the social status from their husbands, then it makes it less likely they’ll stay at their jobs. 

Forging Identity in One’s Own Profession

I didn’t think being an attorney would really affect me. But people treat you with a bit more respect. And I don’t think it affected my ego too much, but it’s hard not to have your self esteem impacted in a positive way. You learn to expect people to treat you better and you treat yourself better. And it makes it a little more likely to stay in a profession if you’re facing these positive effects, and would lose them if you left your job. 

7. Resentment

You’re all going to hit me with stories like “My husband LOVES that I earn more” or “My wife earns more than me and I’m NOTHING but proud of her.” And I’m happy for you. 

The truth is, it’s hard to be a trailblazer. Women earn more than men in less than a quarter of couples; that means men earn more than women in three-quarters of couples – the vast majority. And it’s not that society wants to change this. According to a Pew research study, 71% of adults say it is very important for a man to be able to support a family financially to be a good husband or partner; as compared to only 32% for a woman.

Women are told they have “married down,” and face higher risks of husbands’ aggression, and divorce. Thus, when wives earn more than husbands, in society both parties try to minimize the gap. Women who outearned their husbands also compensated for the gap by seeking jobs beneath their potential and by doing significantly more housework and child care than their husbands — perhaps to make their husbands feel less threatened.

Further, there’s a difference in attitudes within the couple when the woman earns more. For instance, generally when a man is the breadwinner, all the money is considered jointly owned. When a woman is the breadwinner, the money is considered hers. Many women breadwinners parcel out closely-watched allowances to their husbands, further emasculating them.

Finding an Equal Partner

If a man sees himself as the provider, there are plenty of women who want to be provided for. It would be easy for a man to find a woman who made less than him. In a way, I am happy that I learned while I was single that I would likely make more than my spouse so I could find someone who could cope with earning less. 

And though this seems like a reason that my legal career may have helped with my relationships, it’s a virtuous cycle. Because I didn’t choose a partner that would hinder my career, I got to stay in my career longer.

8. Divorce/Widowhood

What I’ve written about thus far are the pitfalls when a relationship flourishes. Of course, the dissolution of a relationship also has problems. Everyone knows that half of all U.S. marriages end in divorce. Divorce can be catastrophic for one’s finances, but also is a time-suck and an excruciating emotional experience. If you’re cohabiting and breakup, you have to find a place to move. 

The other problem with breaking up is that it’s the culmination of all the previous problems together. Because the woman has been acting as a financial team member, she doesn’t know how to manage her finances, she may have quit her job to support her husband. Consequently, she is in a far worse position post-divorce than her husband: half of widows experience a household income decline of 50% or more after the death of a spouse

Moving On

I’ve had a fair number of breakups in my time, but none were nearly as catastrophic as a divorce and none ever required me to move out. I’m of an age when my peers are getting divorced or have been divorced. I know that if I had had such an event, it would have seriously derailed my career plans while I dealt with my personal life. 

How Being Single Helped My Legal Career

I’m not advocating marriage or singleness. Getting married isn’t a sure pathway to a great career and neither is being single.

 

It’s easy to find articles about saving money if you’re a couple and it often seems like this is the only path to financial greatness. But I don’t believe singledom is an obviously worse position from which to achieve financial stability. Too often we see the positives of a relationship, without seeing all the other tradeoffs.

Of course, if there’s a lesson to any of this, it’s that we need to make careers and relationships easier for working women. Until then, working women will just have to ensure that they don’t let these typical pitfalls derail their careers.

 

[This post contains affiliate links. I may receive a small commission if you click on a link and make a purchase.]

 

Author: Lisa

A Washington, DC attorney discusses the financial struggles facing women lawyers.

4 thoughts on “8 Ways Being Single Can Help a Woman's Career”

  1. I guess one question is whether women who have utilized their single status to advance their careers are happier or less happy than married women. I have no idea, did you find any data on that?

    1. I think research shows that external circumstances don’t really change people’s happiness. Lottery winners and people who have suffered grief all eventually revert back to their previous happiness levels. I think it’s the same with single or married woman, working outside the home or not – their happiness is probably independent of their life circumstances. That’s why I’m not advocating singleness or marriage – career might not be some women’s goal, and that’s perfectly fine.

  2. Hi Lisa! Great post – I can so relate to SO much of this. I was single for most of my 8 years in Biglaw and definitely think it helped my career. There was simply no way I could have imagined working those hours with kids (with a husband, yes, but with kids, no way).

    I probably stayed in the law for about 4 years longer than I wanted to since I had no “good” reason to leave – “You can’t be a housewife, without the wife part” rings so true. On a more positive note, I also agree that being single forced me to really take ownership of my finances – something I am very grateful for now! Thanks for sharing this, I really enjoy reading your perspective.

  3. I agree being single is great for advancing your career (and saving money- I could eat whatever I wanted when I lived alone). Having kids is like slashing your career aspirations goodbye, at least for 5 years. I was close to earning six figures but then I had another kid and now will be working less than full time.

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